Transport and storage

Closing important technology gaps to enable efficient transport and storage of H2 and H2 carriers to quickly introduce carbon-free energy-carrier concepts

Research area lead: Petter Nekså, SINTEF Energy Research

Background: 

Replacing conventional fuels is a logistical challenge due to the low energy density and boiling point of hydrogen (H2). In addition, current storage methods are not designed for the required scale-up and flexibility, and there is no unified strategy for H2/ammonia (NH3) for the Norwegian maritime storage and distribution network. Furthermore, pipeline export of H2 requires large-capacity compressors.

transport

Research Area 2 (RA2) aims to enable efficient transport and storage of H2 and H2 carriers by closing significant technology gaps. This will facilitate the quick introduction of carbon-free energy-carrier concepts

Hypothesis

It is possible to develop scalable H2 storage and transport options to cover Norwegian needs for domestic distribution and export purposes that contribute to Norwegian value creation.

Liquid H2 technologies

WP 2.1 – H2 liquefaction, quantification of efficiency and scalability of H2 liquefiers, and assessment of measurement principles.

Lead: David Berstad, SINTEF Energy Research

Storage

WP 2.2 – Metal hydrides, geological formations, and gas hydrates.

Lead: Bjørn Hauback, IFE

Maritime and pipeline transportation

WP 1.3 – Maritime distribution network, H2/NH3 fleet and its operational patterns, novel ship designs, upgraded fit-top-purpose port infrastructure, and pipeline transportation.

Lead: Victoria Gribkovskaia, SINTEF Ocean

Anticipated results

  • Efficient upscaled liquiefaction processes
  • Efficient small- to large-scale storage
  • Cost-efficient and reliable maritime logistics systems
  • Advanced concepts for large-scale H2 compressors